How To Compare Strings In Solidity? - A Comprehensive Guide

Updated : June 13, 2023


When developing smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain using Solidity, you may encounter situations where you must compare strings. String comparison is a fundamental operation that allows you to check the equality or order of strings. We offer exceptional blockchain development services to keep you worry-free from these troubles.

This comprehensive guide will explore various techniques and best practices for comparing strings in Solidity. By the end, you will have a solid understanding of how to effectively compare strings in your Solidity smart contracts.

Solidity, the programming language used for Ethereum smart contracts, handles string comparison differently than many other programming languages. In Solidity, strings are treated as arrays of bytes. This means that direct comparison using the equality operator (==) or inequality operator (!=) may not yield the expected results.

To perform string comparisons accurately, you need to use additional functions and techniques. Multiple researches are performed for the string comparisons to find out smart contract vulnerabilities and their relevant solutions. (Research)

Some of the comparison ways are given below:

Using the “keccak256” Hash Function

One widely used technique for comparing strings in Solidity is to leverage the keccak256 hash function. The keccak256 function calculates the cryptographic hash of a given input. By comparing the hash values of two strings, you can determine if they are equal. Here's an example of how you can compare strings using the keccak256 hash function:


In the example above, the abi.encodePacked function is used to encode the strings before applying the keccak256 function. This ensures that the comparison is performed on the raw byte data of the strings rather than their storage references.

String Length Comparison

Another approach to comparing strings in Solidity is by comparing their lengths. This technique assumes that two strings with different lengths cannot be equal. Here's an example of a function that compares string lengths:

String Length Comparison

By converting the strings to bytes and comparing their lengths, you can quickly determine if the strings have the same length

Lexicographic Comparison

To perform a lexicographic comparison, which determines the order of strings based on their alphabetical or numerical values, you can utilize the built-in bytes type in Solidity. Here's an example of how you can compare strings lexicographically:

Lexicographic Comparison

In the example above, the function iterates through each character of the strings and compares them byte by byte. The function returns -1 if the first string is lexicographically smaller, 1 if it is larger, and 0 if the strings are equal.

Multiple trusted alternatives to blockchain can be used for this string comparison


Comparing strings in Solidity requires a different approach compared to many other programming languages. By leveraging techniques such as using the keccak256 hash function, comparing string lengths, or performing the lexicographic comparison, you can accurately determine the equality or order of strings in your Solidity smart contracts. It is essential to understand the intricacies of string comparison in Solidity to ensure the desired functionality and accuracy of your smart contracts. Get our smart contract audit services and secure your projects

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